LUXEMBOURG, France — With its skyscrapers and manicured lawns, this is France’s grandest industrial city.
But the sunsets here, with its endless summer-like skies, are just the tip of a much bigger iceberg.
The city is home to some of the world’s biggest companies, and for most of the population, it has become a playground for the affluent.
In fact, L’Espagne is one of the richest cities in the world.
A new study by a team led by a University of Maryland professor of physics has shown that the sun’s ultraviolet radiation is responsible for most UV pollution in L’Éspagne.
And the pollution, which is more than twice as intense as the ozone layer, is damaging the world economy.
This is the first time that scientists have shown that ultraviolet-absorbing molecules, like those in sunscreen, are responsible for much of the UV pollution, said L’Oreal researcher Michael F. Amann, who presented the results in a study published online Feb. 12 in Nature Communications.
“This is the most comprehensive assessment of the global ozone-depleting potential of the atmosphere to date,” said Amann.
A major concern is the sun-absorbed particles, or soot, that can enter our atmosphere through our skin, he said.
This ozone-absorption, or stratospheric ozone, has been a major problem in Léogâne, a French coastal town located just west of the French Atlantic coast.
Scientists had estimated that about 25% of the stratospheres ozone layer was made up of soot particles, but Amann and his colleagues found that as many as 85% of stratospherically active areas were also polluted with soot.
So, when Amann’s team examined photos taken from space, they saw that more than half the suns UV radiation, about 40 times the amount in Luebert, was absorbed by the stratosphere.
“We found that this is about as much UV as there is in the stratocumulus clouds that form over the northern latitudes of the U.S.,” Amann said.
“So, that is the largest UV absorber on the planet.”
Lueberberbert is about 10,000 km from L’Aquila, where the sun rises over the horizon.
The sun’s rays are absorbed by clouds in the atmosphere.
In Luebach, the clouds form over a region called the Ullstein Sea, which sits above Lueberg, which lies in the northern part of L’Enfant Terre, the French coastal city in the middle of the ocean.
It’s a region known as the Luebrets Sea.
When the sun shines, the water in the ocean gets warmer and the water that’s inside it gets hotter.
In the summertime, when the ocean is cold, the temperature of the water increases.
But in the wintertime, the ocean temperature is low.
The warmer the ocean, the warmer the water inside it.
When this water reaches the surface, the air in the sky is cold enough to melt snow and ice.
“When the sea freezes, that’s when the snow and the ice starts to melt,” Amann explained.
“That means that when the sun is shining, the snow is melting.
So the ice on the surface is melting.”
So, if the sun doesn’t shine, the soot that’s floating around in the air becomes more efficient at removing the ozone from the atmosphere, and thus the water becomes more effective at trapping the ozone.
“It is a very important question, because if we want to protect the ozone layers, the ozone that is in Lüberbach is an important source of ozone,” Aman said.
The ozone layer is a layer of oxygen-14 molecules, which absorbs sunlight.
When oxygen-13 molecules break down, they turn into ozone, which can also be a source of pollution.
“In the winter, there is no ozone layer at all.
The only source of the ozone is the sea,” Amans said.
It takes about a week for the ozone to break down in the sea, which means that the ozone doesn’t make it far to the surface of the sea.
In addition to the water-based ozone layer that surrounds Luebers Sea, Amann noted that some of this soot is also transported by the wind.
“The wind carries it with it to the other side of the Atlantic Ocean,” he said, “and this air also passes through Lübers Sea and into the stratovolcanoes in Luleå.”
The scientists found that the so-called stratosphere ozone layer covers about 2,500 square kilometers (1,000 square miles).
About 90% of this area is under the sea surface, but it is also covered by the sea water. And even